Australia is the best place in the world for the quality of wool, Australia's geographical environment is superior, there are many farms, sheepskin, wool production and export of the world's first, known as "riding on the back of sheep" country.
The sheep industry in Australia is so well developed and the wool is so well known. In addition to favorable natural conditions and good breeding, advanced breeding techniques play an important role.
Seventy per cent of Australian sheep are purely MERINO.
Merino sheep with its high density of fiber, fine hair, etc.
Australian wool is the general term for Australian wool.
Australia is famous internationally for its excellent quality.
In fact, Australia had no sheep, and its first was brought from England by the first colonists in 1788.
The sheep of the day was used for food rather than for wool.
In 1793, John MacArthur bought Spanish merino sheep from South Africa and came to Australia.
After three years of improved breeding, in 1796 merino sheep adapted to the Australian climate and produced high-quality wool.
Merino wool is of superior quality, soft and curly, uniform length, white light, good elastic strength, fire and static, heat insulation and noise insulation.
MacArthur was also known as the father of Australian wool.
There are four main varieties of Australian merino sheep, of which Saxony merino sheep is the most expensive and specialized in the production of the most high-grade wool clothing.
Today, more than 80 percent of Australia's sheep are merino, and more than 50 percent of the world's wool is merino.
Ever since the first auction of Australian hair was held in London, England in 1821, Australian hair has been on the international market for a long time.
Today, the majority of wool and wool products produced by Australia are exported to more than 60 countries and regions around the world. Australia is the country that produces the most wool in quantity, quality and export the most.
Today, there are more than 70,000 farms across Australia, with more than 116 million sheep, each producing an average of 4.48 kilograms of wool a year.
Over the past three or four years, Australia's annual wool production has been maintained at about 600,000 to 700,000 tons. In 2001, the total wool export was nearly 4 billion Australian dollars ($1), accounting for a considerable proportion of Australia's agricultural and animal husbandry exports.
Although Australia's wool production has declined in recent years due to natural disasters such as drought, statistics show that the number of shearing sheep in Australia was still around 100 million in 2002-2003, with an average wool yield of 4.1 kg per sheep.
There won't be much impact on the supply market.
Australia has such a good reputation internationally is also related to Australia's adherence to strict export standards.
Over the years, in order to ensure the quality of exported wool, Australia has established a wool testing bureau to provide objective and authoritative testing services, and has been recognized by the whole industry, which has played a very important role in the sales and export trade of Australian wool.
Australia also affixes qualification mark to all Australian wool product that accords with quality requirement, this by 3 wool group design is international wool bureau 1964 design, this mark has become the most famous quality standard that appraise wool product level in the whole world.
In addition, because today's growing environmental awareness of consumers in the international textile market, in order to better promotion, publicity and Australian wool, more than Australia wool group also jointly launched a make the Australian wool more "clean, natural, green" planning, research and discuss to meet the requirements of the quality of Australian wool products implement environmental protection certification, the certification of qualified wool products labeled with green tag.
In recent years, the Australian wool industry has undergone institutional reform and restructuring in order to further improve wool production and international competitiveness.
The wool purchase is mainly controlled by four companies, which export overseas through auctions held in Australian cities at the beginning of each year, while domestic wool production is basically monopolized by three companies.
As the world's largest wool production and exporter, the rise and fall of Australian wool production directly affects the international wool market.
Over the past few years, the price of Australian hair has been increasing steadily.
In 2002, due to the worst drought in Australia in 100 years, the wool yield declined and the wool price in the international market is expected to rise in the next year, making Australia even more popular.