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Fabric glossary

Jul 28, 2017

Acetate


Acetate, a synthetic  manmade fabric, is manufactured from cellulose fibers and usually used in  linings. It is an inexpensive fabric with poor washing abilities and should be  dry-cleaned.

Acrylic


Acrylic is often used in place of wool as an  inexpensive synthetic substitute. It is warm and lightweight, it washes well,  and is less expensive than wool. 

Alpaca


The lower grades of alpaca were originally used as linings, and the  better grades for fine dress goods. True alpaca cloth of alpaca hair is soft and  lightweight. 

Antique satin


Antique satin is a reversible satin-weave fabric with  satin floats on the technical face and surface slubs on the technical back  created by using slub-filling yarns. It is usually used with the technical back  as the right side for drapery fabrics and often made of a blend of fibers. 

Astrakhan


Rough fabric with closely curled face resembling  Astrakhan lamb's pelt. Astrakhan is woven or knit, usually with base yarns of  cotton and pile of wool, mohair, acrylic or modacrylic fibers. 

Barathea


Barathea is a smooth-faced worsted uniform fabric  constructed of an indistinct twilled basket weave of fine two-ply yarns. 

Bathrobe blanketing


Double-faced fabric woven with tightly twisted warp and  two sets of soft spun filling yarns. Bathrobe blanketing is usually napped to  produce soft, thick, warm material. Made of cotton, wool, polyester, acrylic,  and blends of these fibers.

Batiste


Batiste is an opaque, lightweight, spun yarn  plain-weave fabric with a smooth surface. When made of cotton or  cotton/polyester, the yarns are usually combed. It can be made of all wool,  silk, or rayon. 

Bedford cord


Bedford cord is a heavy, warp-faced, unbalanced  pique-weave fabric with wide warp cords created by extra filling yarns floating  across the back to give a raised effect. 

Bengaline


Bengaline is a lustrous, durable, warp-faced fabric  with heavy filling cords completely covered by the warp.