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What is finishing

Mar 24, 2018

What is finishing?


After finishing is to give the fabric with a color effect, morphological effect (bright, suede, stiff, etc.) and a real effect (impervious, not felting, ironing, non-stuck, flame resistant, etc.) of the technical processing methods, fabric finishing is The process of “adding flowers on the cake” is the process of improving the appearance and feel of fabrics, enhancing the performance of taking fabrics, or giving special functions through chemical or physical processes. After finishing methods can be divided into physical / mechanical finishing and chemical finishing two major categories, according to the purpose of the finishing and the different effects produced, can be divided into basic finishing, appearance finishing and function finishing. The purpose of finishing:

1.Uniformity of textiles with uniform width and shape and shape. Such as set (pull), mechanical or chemical shrinkage, wrinkle-free and heat setting.


2. To improve the appearance of textiles: including improving the luster and whiteness of textiles, and enhancing or weakening the villi of textiles. Such as whitening, calendering, electro-optic, Asian text, sanding, shearing and shrinking it.


3. Improve the feel of textiles: The main use of chemical or mechanical methods to make textiles such as soft, smooth, plump, stiff, thin or thick and other comprehensive touch feeling. Such as soft, stiff, weight and so on.


4. Improve the durability of textiles: The main use of chemical methods to prevent sunlight, air or microorganisms on the fiber damage or erosion, extend the life of textiles. Such as flood control, anti-mildew finishing.


5. Gives textiles special properties: Including textiles with certain protective properties or other special features. Such as flame retardant, antibacterial, water repellent, oil repellent, anti-ultraviolet and antistatic, etc.


The development of fabric finishing technology is toward functionalization, differentiation, and gentrification of products, diversification of processing technologies, and development in depth, and emphasis on improving the performance of products and increasing the added value of products. In recent years, we have continuously introduced new technologies (such as low-temperature plasma processing, biological engineering, ultrasonic technology, electron beam radiation processing, inkjet printing technology, microcapsule technology, nanotechnology, etc.) from other technical fields to improve processing. Depth to get a good finishing product. With the attention of human beings to environmental pollution and damage, more and more attention is paid to health. The “low-carbon” economy is advocated, and the post-finishing technology requires environmental protection “green” processing to produce “clean” and “low-carbon” textile products.

The basic finishing methods of fabrics are: stable size, improvement of the appearance of the finishing method, improve the handle performance optimization of finishing methods, so that fabrics get versatile, high value-added finishing methods, advanced fabric finishing methods, to meet special requirements Finishing method