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Jiangsu, Shengze: Global Textile Production Base Falls Into Pollution Control Circle

Jul 05, 2017

In May 2007, serious blue-green algae pollution broke out in Jiangsu, TaihuIn September of that year, Jiangsu Province, the tenth session of the thirty-second meeting of the Standing Committee revised the  Taihu Water Pollution Control Ordinance (hereinafter referred to as the Regulations of Jiangsu province) and released to the public.10 the past year, the Jiangsu Provincial People's Congress on the forced watershed Industrial transformation and upgrading of the most stringent environmental access system implementation effect evaluation but there is a gap between the improved  Taihu water quality continues to improve.


However, the textile production base in Shengze for intensive Jiangsu global because of regulations restricting into a seemingly unsolvable vicious circle -- for the needs of environmental protection, the city of Shengze is weaving the technical transformation of traditional printing and dyeing industry; it is also because of environmental protection, is located in the Taihu River Basin Protection zone of Shengze printing and dyeing enterprises to enhance the transformation is prohibited by law.


Wujiang District of Suzhou City, the town of Shengze in the Ming and Qing Dynasties in silk weaving developed and the prosperity of the silk trade in a town of Suzhou, Huzhou and Hangzhou region, are called four silk. By 2017, the amount of 13 billion meters/year of weaving has become China's most important silk textile products production, trading and export base.



that Chinese economic weekly reporter survey, Shengze existing printing and dyeing enterprises 30, 4550 sets of various types of printing and dyeing equipment, while a large number of ancillary equipment. Due to printing and dyeing enterprises in Shengze are built in the last century, in 90s, three problems: first, in front of a position sensitive area. With the expansion of city size, the majority of enterprises and residents business district mix, environmental pollution and accident risk everywhere. Second, environmental infrastructure is weak. The factory production equipment disrepair, old-fashioned, environmental governance needs to be improved. Third, the industry short board will not be prominent. Cannot reform the docking of the latest technology, the introduction of new equipment, the production of new products, the depth of the development level with the international advanced enterprises and gradually widening the gap.

Another sensitive problem is: the main channel of wastewater in Shengze area for printing and dyeing enterprises from Jiangsu and Zhejiang at the junction of 10 kilometers of Qingxi River, more than 80% of the sewage which flows to Zhejiang, often caused by provincial disputes, affecting social stability.



Wujiang officials told Chinese District Economic Weekly, high pollution, in order to solve the printing and dyeing enterprises generally have high energy consumption, low output and other issues, since December 2013, the district began in the Wujiang high tech Zone (Shengze) preparations for the construction of the textile recycling economy industrial park. At present, the relevant units have completed the preparation of the feasibility. Research Report overall planning industrial park planning environmental impact report text of the part of the land and the implementation of the index. According to the plan, the industrial park will be the construction of 100 thousand tons/day sewage treatment project, 2 * 400MW (natural gas) gas turbine cogeneration project, through the integration of the park of printing and dyeing enterprises centralized water supply. Central heating, centralized sewage, centralized disposal, in order to achieve waste water recycling, waste recycling and other environmental targets. The cloth is the main pollutant emissions will be reduced by 15%, yuan industrial added value of energy consumption decreased by 10%. Land area decreased by 30%.



However, the first item of article forty-fifth of the water pollution prevention and control regulations of Jiangsu province of Taihu province clearly stipulates: the first, two, three grade protection zones of the Taihu River Basin prohibit the construction, renovation and expansion of printing and dyeing enterprises. These environmental protection projects are thus stranded.


The ban not loose, making the planning EIA project can not be accepted and not, textile industrial park of circular economy and the follow-up work is difficult to continue. Therefore, Shengze local Party committee, the government is hoping to amend the regulations in the wait-and-see period the projects included in the provincial circular economy pilot Jiangsu Province, made pilot qualifications. the source said.


The reporter also learned from relevant sources, in 2014, the relevant departments in Jiangsu province have set up a Jiangsu River Basin in Taihu Province printing and dyeing industry special rectification program  (2014 - 2016), construction of Wujiang textile recycling economy industrial park is fully consistent with the basic spirit of this scheme, and the same is restricted due to regulations, plan has so far failed to implement.


An industry expert told the Shengze issue long-term concern China Economic Weekly , textile recycling economy industrial park precedent, printing and dyeing enterprises equally dense Keqiao District of Zhejiang city in Shaoxing province has successfully carried out a similar industry cluster upgrade project, beginning in June 2010 will be more than 80% of the dyeing capacity to Binhai Industrial zone and agglomeration to enhance the transformation, environmental quality has been significantly improved. Unfortunately, it is not too late to start in Shengze, still empty talk.


According to the survey, although the relocation of enterprises and equipment renewal need to bear the huge cost, but has a long-term vision of Shengze entrepreneurs are actively support the centralized Park, and the park planning and construction, product upgrading, emission permit allocation, land allocation scheme, the relocation plan policy and put forward their views and suggestions, the local people the printing and dyeing enterprises relocation and upgrading have high expectations.


Chinese economic weekly reporter in the survey was informed that the Shengze textile recycling economy industrial park by Jiangsu province and Suzhou municipal government highly concerned from the beginning of the province. The relevant departments and the city of Suzhou, Wujiang area reached a consensus after consultation: from the healthy development of silk textile industry perspective from decentralized to centralized by end to end, it is imperative to upgrade; strengthen ecological civilization construction from the perspective of environmental protection, but also to speed up the implementation of the project focused on the construction, centralized pollution control. And the project for a long time failed to make substantial progress, the key is to face the local regulations.



Therefore, the relevant departments of the province: one is led by the provincial Legislative Affairs Office, the provincial development and Reform Commission, the Commission by letter, with the environmental protection department and other departments, to carry out research and demonstration, put forward as soon as possible to the provincial government regulations amendment (Amendment); two is given regulations amendment (Amendment) or for a longer period of time, suggestions the provincial government put forward a proposal to the provincial people's Congress, the provincial people's Congress revised regulations before the related planning EIA, the Wujiang textile recycling economy industrial park project EIA, make special authorization of project approval and other matters.



Chinese economic weekly reporter also noted that the relevant provisions of regulations, the Jiangsu Provincial People's Congress, the CPPCC members have put forward opinions and suggestions, the relevant departments of the province continue to advise.2014, National People's Congress of Jiangsu Province Yang known rating on the road to submit the relevant provisions amendment the suggestion; in 2015, Jiangsu province CPPCC member Gao Jifan submitted on the proposal of regulations; November 2014, a department of Jiangsu province submitted to the provincial government for amending the Ordinance for forty-fifth of the first, the relevant provincial leaders signed comments relevant departments; October 2016, Jiangsu the provincial people's Congress Standing Committee to organize the inspection of law enforcement regulations, India sent to the provincial government report on the implementation of regulations and deliberations. The implementation of the report, the provincial government and relevant departments to carry out Relevant investigation and proof of revision of the regulations shall be submitted to the Standing Committee of the provincial people's Congress for consideration when the conditions are ripe; and the opinions of the Standing Committee of the people's Congress shall also be put forward. Preparations for the revision of the Ordinance shall be carried out.



The existing regulations have become an obstacle to the upgrading and upgrading of the printing and dyeing industry, and the urgent need for revision has become a consensus. However, today, the substantive progress of the amendment Ordinance and special authorization and other legal procedures are still waiting.